Chalatenango is located in Alotepec-Metapán, a small volcanic region in northwestern El Salvador famous for producing the finest coffees in the country. The varieties found in this region are: Bourbon, Pacas, Pacamara, Catuai, and Catimor. The Cup of Excellence competition put this region’s coffees on the map. Previously, El Salvador had been known mostly for its larger estates in Santa Ana.
Unique Salvadoran Varieties
Pacas was discovered as a natural dwarf mutation of Bourbon by Fernando Alberto Pacas Figueroa on his finca in the volcanic Santa Ana region of El Salvador in 1949. This happy accident produced a high-yielding variety that grows well at high altitudes. Noticing the high production rate of this new variety of plants, Fernando began cultivating them separately, eventually leading to the naming of the new variety after the Pacas family. Its high yield also led to its use as a parent in the development of the new variety Pacamaras in 1958.